Various translations of the Rudrākṣa-Jābāla-Upaniṣad are included in this reference
By R. A. Sastri

Om. Next Bhusunda addressed Kalagni Rudra thus: ‘How is the origin of the Rudrakshas, and what is the effect wearing them’?

2. Him answered the Lord Kalagni Rudra.

3. When, for the sake of destroying the Tripura (the three cities), I checked my Eyes; from them fell drops of water in the ground and became the Rudrakshas for the benefit of all.

4. Mere uttering their name produces the effect of the gift of ten cows. The seeing and handling of them produces twice the effect of the above. Beyond this, I am unable to describe more.

5. There are the following verses on this (Question). Wherefrom comes it? What is its name? How is it to be worn by men? How many faces does it contain? What are the mantras to be chanted when wearing it?

6. (Answer) I closed my eyes for the period of a thousand divine years. From my closed eyes drops of water fell down on the earth. Then the Eye-drops have become the great Rudraksha trees of the vegetable kingdom for the sake of blessing the devotees.

7. The wearing of it does remove the sin of the devotees committed during the day and the night. Seeing it produces one lac of virtues, and handling it, one crore. The wearing of it produces in man one hundred crores of virtues, the wearing and making japa of it produce in man one hundred millions of virtues.

8. It is said that Rudraksha is the best which is as big in size as Dhatri fruit(நெல்லிக்காய்). The wise declare it to be a secondary one which has the size of a Badari fruit(இலந்தைப்பழம்). The last one is that which has the size of a Bengal gram. Thus is the order given out by me.

9. By the command of Siva the trees have sprung up from the earth in four classes, namely, Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra; and each brings benefit to its own order.

10. The white one is called Brahmana bead, the red one, Kshatriya; yellowish, Vaisya; and black one is said to be Sudra. The Brahmanas should wear the white ones, the Kshatriya, the red, the Vaisya the yellowish, and the Sudras the black ones.

11. The good bead is that which is well-shaped, sappy sound, well-sized and with thorns. One should reject the six kinds of the same, namely those that are made holes by worms, wounded, broken, without thorns, diseased and not well-shaped.

12. The best Rudraksha is that which has a natural hole. That bead is a secondary one which has a hole made by the effort of man.

13. The wise should wear in his body and limbs a garland of beads that are equally shaped, sappy, sound, pleasing, and big is size, tied in a silk thread.

14. That bead is known to be the best which produces a golden line when tested in a rubbing stone; and this the worshippers of Siva should wear.

15. One should wear a single Rudraksha in the tuft of his hair, three hundred in the head. He should make a garland of thirty-six for his neck, of sixteen for each arm, and of twelve for each wrist. He should wear five hundred in his shoulders. One should prepare a garland of one hundred and eight in the form of the sacred thread (yajnopavita).

16. One should suspend from his shoulders a garland of beads consisting of two or three, five or seven rounds. He may wear the same in the head, in and around the ears, neck, arms, wrists, and across the shoulders like the sacred thread. He should wear it specially in the waist.

17. One should wear always the Rudraksha whether he sleeps or eats.

18. The wearing of three hundred is said to be the lowest; of five hundred ordinary, and of one thousand the best. Knowing the difference one should wear it.

19. He should wear it in the crown, chanting the mantra ‘Isana’: in the shoulders Tatpurusha’; in the neck and heart ‘Aghora’. The wise should recite the mantra ‘Aghora Bija’, while wearing it on their wrists. One should wear a garland of fifty in the waist chanting the mantra ‘Vyomavyapi.’ He should wear, in all the places of sense-organs, a garland of five or seven beads, chanting the Panchabrahman’ (Sadyojata & c.,) and its supplementary mantra.

20. Next Bhusunda addressed the Lord Kalagni Rudra. Tell me the different kinds of Rudrakshas, their nature, the result of wearing them, and also their different faces; and those that drive out evils and these that give the desired objects.

21. He answered: In this these are the slokas:-

22. The One-faced Rudraksha represents the Supreme Reality. Wearing it, one, with completely controlled senses merges in the Supreme Reality.

23. The Two-faced one, O the best of sages, represents Ardhnarisvara (the Lord with half-male and half-female form). By wearing this Ardhnarisvara always becomes pleased with him.

24. The Three-faced one represents the three sacred fires. The fire god becomes always pleased with him who wears this.

25. The Four-faced Rudraksha represents the four-faced Deity (Brahma). The four-faced god becomes ever pleased with him who wears this.

26. The Five-faced Rudraksha represents the five Brahmans (Sadyojata to Isana). The five-faced Brahman removes him from the sin of killing the human beings.

27. The Six-faced Rudraksha has Kartikeya (Subrahmanya) as its presiding Deity. The wearing of it brings forth a great wealth and a very good health. The wise should wear it to obtain brightness of the intellect. The great men say it has also Vinayaka as its presiding Deity.

28. The Seven-faced Rudraksha has the Sapta matris as its presiding deities. The wearing of it brings forth a great wealth and a very good health; and vouchsafes the wearer the personal purity and attainment of clearness of the mind.

29. The Eight-faced Rudraksha has the Ashtamatris as its presiding deities. It pleases the Eight Vasus and the goddess Ganga. The wearing of it will please the above gods, who are true to their words.

30. The Nine-faced Rudraksha has the nine Saktis as its presiding deities. The mere wearing of it pleases the nine Saktis.

31. The Ten-faced Rudraksha has Yama as its presiding Deity. A look at it will create effect lessness of his sins. There is no doubt in this.

32. The Eleven-faced Rudraksha has the Eleven Rudras as its presiding Deities. The great men say, the deities increase the prosperity of him who wears it always.

33. The Twelve-faced Rudraksha represents the great Vishnu and also the twelve Adityas. The wearer of it assumes the deity’s form.

34. The Thirteen-faced Rudraksha brings forth the desired objects and agreeable perfection. The mere wearing of it pleases Kamadeva.

35. The Fourteen-faced Rudraksha has its origin from the eyes of Rudra. It removes all the diseases. The wearer will have always a very good health.

36. He should avoid the prohibited food, namely, liquor, flesh, onion, white onion Suguru, Sleshmataka, and the village boar.

37. He becomes freed from all the sins, if he wears the Rudraksha on the days of Eclipse, Solstices, the beginning of each of the Solar month and of six months of new moon and full moon and on the complete days.

38. It is said the root of the Rudraksha tree is Brahma, the fibre of it is Vishnu, and the top Rudra, and the fruits are all the Devas.

39. Next Santkuamra addressed the Lord Kalagnirudra; ‘Expound to me O Lord, the rules of wearing the Rudrakshas. On that occasion Nidagha, Jadabharata, Dattatreya, Katyayana, Bharadvaja, Kapila, Vasishtha, Pippalada and others, approaching Kalagnirudra addressed him.

40. Next Kalagnirudra asked them, ‘what is the object of your arrival here’?

41. They replied; ‘We desire to hear the rules of wearing the Rudrakshas.’

42. Next Kalagnirudra said: ‘from the Eyes of Rudra the Rudrakshas have come forth. Thus is known in the world. Now, Sadasiva at the time of involution, after finishing the function of destruction, he closes his eye of destruction. From that Eye have come forth the Rudrakshas. It is therefore named Rudraksha by its derivation. Thus replied Kalagnirudra.

43. The mere utterance of the name of ‘Rudraksha’ rings forth to the repeater the virtue of the gift of ten cows. The Rudraksha has as much virtue as that of the bright Bhasma.

44. By handling Rudraksha and by mere wearing of it one acquires the benefit of the gift of two thousand cows. The wearing in the ears will produce the effect of the gift of eleven-thousand cows and the wearer attains the state of Eleven Rudras. The wearing in the head brings forth the result of the gift of one crore of cows. Of all the places the result of wearing in the ears is beyond the speech to describe. Thus replied the Lord.

45. He who studies daily this Rudra Jabala Upanishat, whether he be young or youthful, he becomes great. He becomes the guru and imparter of all the mantras.

46. One should perform Homa in the Sacred fire chanting this Upanishat only and perform worship reciting this only.

47. One should tie a single Rudraksha called Mrityutaraka (crosser of death), which drives out evil spirits, received from a Guru, in the neck, or in the right arm, or in the tuft of his hair.* [* Here is the Vedic injunction for wearing a single Rudraksha received from a teacher, in the neck.]

48. Even the gift of the Earth surrounded with seven continents is not enough to pay spiritual fee to that Guru. Therefore with earnestness he should give him a cow of any quality. This is the spiritual fee.

49. A Brahmana who recites this Upanishat in the evening destroys the sin committed during the day. Recitation in the noon destroys the sin committed in six births. The study in morning and evening removes the sin accumulated during many a birth; also brings forth the result of repeating the Gayatri mantra Six thousand lacs. He becomes pure from the sin of Brahmanicide, of tasting liquor, theft of gold, intercourse with his guru’s wife, and from the sin of him who associates with the above.

50. He gets the benefit of bathing in all the holy waters. He becomes freed from the sin of talking with the fallen men. He becomes the Sanctifier of one hundred thousand lines, He attains the equal state (Sayujya) of Siva. He does never return to this world, he never returns. Om, Truth! Thus says the Upanishat.
Rudraksha Jabala Upanishad

“Lord Siva and His Worship” by Sri Swami Sivananda, founder of the Divine Life Society.

Hari Om! I praise the Effulgent State of Absolute Peace, belonging to Sri Maharudra, which is to be known through the Rudraksha Jabala Upanishad.

Bhusunda questioned Lord Kalagnirudra: What is the beginning of Rudraksha beads? What is the benefit of wearing them on the body?

Lord Kalagnirudra answered him thus: I closed my eyes for the sake of destroying the Tripura Asuras. From my eyes thus closed, drops of water fell on the earth. These drops of tears turned into Rudrakshas.

By the mere utterance of the name of ‘Rudraksha’, one acquires the benefit of giving ten cows in charity. By seeing and touching it, one attains double that benefit. I am unable to praise it any more.

I closed my eyes one thousand celestial years. Then from my eyelids, drops of water dropped down and attained the state of immobility for blessing the devoted persons. This Rudraksha destroys the devotees’ sins that are committed both night and day, by wearing it.

By mere vision of the Rudraksha, the benefit will be say, a lac. But by wearing them, it will be a crore. Why, it will be equal to hundred crores. But it will be a thousand lacs of crores and hundred lacs of crores times powerful when one does Japa with Rudraksha and wears it at all times.

Among Rudrakshas, one as big as Amalaka (myrobalan), is considered to be the best. One as big as the Badari fruit (Indian berry) is considered to be of the middle sort. But that as big as Chana (Bengal gram) is considered to be the worst of all. This is my idea about the size of Rudraksha beads.

The four kinds of people, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras are born as merely a worthless burden on the earth. The real Brahmin is the white Rudraksha. The red is a Kshatriya. The yellow is a Vaisya. And the black is a Sudra. Therefore, a Brahmin should wear white Rudrakshas, a Kshatriya the red, a Vaisya the yellow and a Sudra the black.

One should use those Rudraksha-beads which are nice, handsome, strong, big, auspicious and thorny. One should avoid those eaten by worms, broken, without thorns, and having sores.

The self-holed Rudraksha is of the best variety. But that which is holed by man’s attempt, is considered to be worse. Those best Rudrakshas should be strung in white thread. A worshipper of Siva should wear Rudraksha all over the body. He should wear one bead on the crest, three hundred round the head, thirty-six round the neck, sixteen round each arm, twelve round the chest and five hundred round the waist. He should wear a Yajnopavita consisting of one hundred and eight beads of Rudrakshas. He should wear two, three, five or seven Malas of Rudraksha round the neck.

A Siva-Bhakta should wear Rudrakshas round his crown, ear-ring, chain, round the ear, armlet, at all times, and specially round the stomach, irrespective of the fact whether he is sleeping, drinking, etc. If the devotee wears three hundred beads, it is the worst, if he wears five hundred it will be medium, but one thousand will be the best of all.

The devotee, when wearing Rudrakshas on the head, should repeat his Ishta Mantra, and when wearing them round the neck, should repeat the Tat-Purusha Mantra and when wearing round the throat, should repeat the Aghora Mantra. The same Mantra (Aghora) should be recited when wearing round the chest also. He should wear them round the arms with the Aghora Bija Mantra.

Then again Bhusunda asked Lord Kalagnirudra:

What are the different forms and effects of Rudraksha beads?

Please tell me about the secret of these blessed ones including their various faces, which is the means of getting rid of all evil.

Lord Kalagnirudra said: The bead with one face is of the form of the Supreme Truth. A disciplined one (controlling his senses) mingles himself with the one Eternal Truth, after wearing these Rudrakshas. (The following is a list of different faces of Rudrakshas and their effects).

Faces Form- Effect of wearing

1. Supreme Truth- Attainment of Eternity

2. Ardhanarisvara- Grace of Ardhanarisvara

3. Tretagni- Grace of Agni

4. Brahma- Grace of Brahma

5. Pancha-Brahmas -Destruction of homicide sin

6. Karttikeya or Ganesa -Attainment of Chitta-Suddhi and Jnana

7. Saptamala -Attainment of good health and wealth

8. Ashtamatras (Ashta Vasus) or Ganga -Grace of these Devatas and becoming truthful

9. Nava-Saktis -Grace of Nava-Saktis or nine Powers

10. Yama -Attainment of Peace.

11. Ekadasa Rudras -Increase of all kinds of wealth

12. Mahavishnu or 12 Adityas -Attainment of Moksha

13. Cupid -Attainment of fulfilling desires and grace of Cupid

14. Rudra -Destruction of all diseases

By wearing Rudrakshas during eclipses, Vishusankranti (the end of Mina and beginning of Mesha Masa), new moon, full moon and other such auspicious days, one is freed of all sins.

The base of the Rudraksha bead is Brahma, its navel is Vishnu, its face is Rudra and its hole consists of all gods.

One day Sanatkumara asked Kalagnirudra: “O Lord! Tell me the rules for wearing Rudrakshas”. At that time Nidagha, Jadabharata, Dattatreya, Katyayana, Bharadvaja, Kapila, Vasishtha, Pippalada, etc., came to Kalagnirudra. Then Lord Kalagnirudra asked them why they all had come in a group. They all answered that they came to hear the method of wearing Rudrakshas.

Kalagnirudra said:

• Those that are born out of Rudra’s Akshis (eyes) are called Rudrakshas. When these beads are even once touched by hand, one attains the glory of giving in charity two thousand cows at a time.

• When they are worn in ears, he gets the effect of giving out eleven thousand cows in charity. He also attains the state of the eleven Rudras.

• When the beads are worn on the head, one has the benefit of giving a crore of cows in charity. Of all these places, I am unable to tell you the benefit when worn in the ears.

• Whoever studies this Rudraksha Jabala Upanishad, be he a boy or a youth, becomes great. He becomes the Guru of all and the teacher of all Mantras. Havan and Archana should be done with these Mantras (of the Upanishad).

• That Brahmin who recites this Upanishad in the evening, destroys the sins committed during day time; who recites at noon, destroys the sins of six births; who recites in the morning and evening, destroys the sins of many births. He attains the same benefit of doing six thousand lacs of Gayatri Japa.

• He becomes purified from all sins of killing a Brahmin, drinking toddy, stealing gold, approaching Guru’s wife, having intercourse with her, speaking with corrupted person, etc. He gets the benefits of all pilgrimages and river- baths. He attains Siva-sayujya. He does not come back (to rebirth).
(Translation taken from lordsiva.pdf)